April 16, 2021


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Enabling Inference Privacy with Adaptive Noise Injection. (arXiv:2104.02261v1 [cs.CR])

User-facing software services are becoming increasingly reliant on remote
servers to host Deep Neural Network (DNN) models, which perform inference tasks
for the clients. Such services require the client to send input data to the
service provider, who processes it using a DNN and returns the output
predictions to the client. Due to the rich nature of the inputs such as images
and speech, the input often contains more information than what is necessary to
perform the primary inference task. Consequently, in addition to the primary
inference task, a malicious service provider could infer secondary (sensitive)
attributes from the input, compromising the client’s privacy. The goal of our
work is to improve inference privacy by injecting noise to the input to hide
the irrelevant features that are not conducive to the primary classification
task. To this end, we propose Adaptive Noise Injection (ANI), which uses a
light-weight DNN on the client-side to inject noise to each input, before
transmitting it to the service provider to perform inference. Our key insight
is that by customizing the noise to each input, we can achieve state-of-the-art
trade-off between utility and privacy (up to 48.5% degradation in
sensitive-task accuracy with <1% degradation in primary accuracy),
significantly outperforming existing noise injection schemes. Our method does
not require prior knowledge of the sensitive attributes and incurs minimal
computational overheads.