April 16, 2021

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Backdoor Attack in the Physical World. (arXiv:2104.02361v1 [cs.CR])

Backdoor attack intends to inject hidden backdoor into the deep neural
networks (DNNs), such that the prediction of infected models will be
maliciously changed if the hidden backdoor is activated by the attacker-defined
trigger. Currently, most existing backdoor attacks adopted the setting of
static trigger, $i.e.,$ triggers across the training and testing images follow
the same appearance and are located in the same area. In this paper, we revisit
this attack paradigm by analyzing trigger characteristics. We demonstrate that
this attack paradigm is vulnerable when the trigger in testing images is not
consistent with the one used for training. As such, those attacks are far less
effective in the physical world, where the location and appearance of the
trigger in the digitized image may be different from that of the one used for
training. Moreover, we also discuss how to alleviate such vulnerability. We
hope that this work could inspire more explorations on backdoor properties, to
help the design of more advanced backdoor attack and defense methods.