March 3, 2021

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Privacy-Preserving Graph Convolutional Networks for Text Classification. (arXiv:2102.09604v1 [cs.SI])

Graph convolutional networks (GCNs) are a powerful architecture for
representation learning and making predictions on documents that naturally
occur as graphs, e.g., citation or social networks. Data containing sensitive
personal information, such as documents with people’s profiles or relationships
as edges, are prone to privacy leaks from GCNs, as an adversary might reveal
the original input from the trained model. Although differential privacy (DP)
offers a well-founded privacy-preserving framework, GCNs pose theoretical and
practical challenges due to their training specifics. We address these
challenges by adapting differentially-private gradient-based training to GCNs.
We investigate the impact of various privacy budgets, dataset sizes, and two
optimizers in an experimental setup over five NLP datasets in two languages. We
show that, under certain modeling choices, privacy-preserving GCNs perform up
to 90% of their non-private variants, while formally guaranteeing strong
privacy measures.